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Merck Announces Second-Quarter 2019 Financial Results

  • Second-Quarter 2019 Worldwide Sales Were $11.8 Billion, an Increase of 12%; Sales Increased 15% Excluding Negative Impact from Foreign Exchange; Growth Driven by Oncology and Human Health Vaccines

    • KEYTRUDA Sales Grew 58% to $2.6 Billion; Excluding the Impact of Foreign Exchange, Sales Grew 63%
    • Human Health Vaccines Sales Grew 33% to $2.0 Billion; Excluding the Impact of Foreign Exchange, Sales Grew 36%
  • Second-Quarter 2019 GAAP EPS was $1.03, Second-Quarter Non-GAAP EPS was $1.30
  • Company Narrows and Raises 2019 Full-Year Revenue Range to be Between $45.2 Billion and $46.2 Billion, Including a Negative Impact from Foreign Exchange of Slightly More Than 1%
  • Company Narrows and Reduces 2019 Full-Year GAAP EPS Range to be Between $3.78 and $3.88, Reflecting Charge Related to Acquisition of Peloton Therapeutics
  • Company Narrows and Raises 2019 Full-Year Non-GAAP EPS Range to be Between $4.84 and $4.94, Including a Slightly Negative Impact from Foreign Exchange
  • KEYTRUDA in Combination with Chemotherapy Met Primary Endpoint of Pathological Complete Response (pCR) in Pivotal Phase 3 KEYNOTE-522 Trial as Neoadjuvant Therapy in Patients with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

KENILWORTH, N.J.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–$MRK #MRK–Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced financial results for the second quarter of 2019.


Our science-led strategy and execution across our key growth pillars have driven another quarter of accelerating revenue growth with strength across our global portfolio,” said Kenneth C. Frazier, chairman and chief executive officer, Merck. “We remain confident that our innovative products and significant pipeline opportunities will continue to deliver strong results and provide sustainable value to patients and shareholders.”

Financial Summary

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

Second Quarter

2019

2018

Change

Change

Ex-

Exchange

Sales

$11,760

$10,465

12%

15%

GAAP net income1

2,670

1,707

56%

61%

Non-GAAP net income that excludes certain items1,2*

3,356

2,854

18%

20%

GAAP EPS

1.03

0.63

63%

67%

Non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items2

1.30

1.06

23%

25%

*Refer to table on page 10

 

Worldwide sales were $11.8 billion for the second quarter of 2019, an increase of 12% compared with the second quarter of 2018; excluding the negative impact from foreign exchange, worldwide sales grew 15%.

GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) earnings per share assuming dilution (EPS) were $1.03 for the second quarter of 2019. Non-GAAP EPS of $1.30 for the second quarter of 2019 excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, restructuring costs and certain other items. Year-to-date results can be found in the attached tables.

Pipeline Highlights

Oncology

Merck continued to advance the development programs for KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab), the company’s anti-PD-1 therapy; Lynparza (olaparib), a PARP inhibitor being co-developed and co-commercialized with AstraZeneca; and Lenvima (lenvatinib mesylate), an orally available tyrosine kinase inhibitor being co-developed and co-commercialized with Eisai Co., Ltd. (Eisai).

KEYTRUDA

  • Merck announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved KEYTRUDA for the following indications:

    • First-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) as monotherapy for patients whose tumors express PD-L1 (Combined Positive Score [CPS] >1) or in combination with platinum and fluorouracil (FU), a commonly used chemotherapy regimen, based on overall survival results from the KEYNOTE-048 trial; and
    • Treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least one other prior line of therapy based on the results from the KEYNOTE-158 and KEYNOTE-028 trials.
  • Merck announced that the European Medicines Agency (EMA) adopted a positive opinion for KEYTRUDA in combination with axitinib as a first-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) based on the findings from the pivotal KEYNOTE-426 trial.
  • Merck announced that the FDA has accepted for review six supplemental Biologics License Applications (sBLAs) to update the dosing frequency for KEYTRUDA to include an every-six-weeks (Q6W) dosing schedule option for certain monotherapy indications. The FDA has set a PDUFA date of Feb. 18, 2020.
  • Merck presented five-year survival data for KEYTRUDA in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from the first KEYNOTE trial (Phase 1b KEYNOTE-001) and updated overall survival analysis and new data for disease progression after next-line treatment (progression-free survival2) from the KEYNOTE-189 trial in metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC at the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting.
  • Merck announced that the Phase 3 KEYNOTE-522 trial investigating KEYTRUDA in combination with chemotherapy met the primary endpoint of pathological complete response (pCR) following the neoadjuvant part of the neoadjuvant/adjuvant study regimen in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The trial will continue to evaluate the other dual-primary endpoint of event-free survival (EFS). Results will be presented at an upcoming medical congress.

Lynparza

  • Merck and AstraZeneca announced approval of Lynparza in Japan and separately in the European Union for use as first-line maintenance therapy in patients with BRCA-mutated advanced ovarian cancer based on the results of the Phase 3 SOLO-1 trial. Lynparza is the only PARP inhibitor approved for this indication and the only PARP inhibitor approved in Japan.
  • Merck and AstraZeneca presented results from the Phase 3 POLO trial in patients with germline BRCA-mutated metastatic pancreatic cancer whose disease had not progressed following platinum-based chemotherapy. In the trial, Lynparza reduced the risk of disease progression or death by nearly half (47%). These results were presented at the 2019 ASCO annual meeting and simultaneously published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
  • Merck and AstraZeneca also presented results from the Phase 3 SOLO3 trial at the 2019 ASCO annual meeting. This study evaluated the objective response rate of Lynparza compared to chemotherapy in patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed germline BRCA1/2-mutated advanced ovarian cancer, who have received two or more prior lines of chemotherapy.

Lenvima

  • Merck and Eisai announced receipt of a Breakthrough Therapy Designation from the FDA for the KEYTRUDA plus Lenvima combination regimen for potential first-line treatment of patients with advanced unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma not amenable to loco-regional treatment, representing the third such designation.

Vaccines

  • Merck announced the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted to recommend Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination with GARDASIL 9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant) based on shared clinical decision making for individuals ages 27 through 45 who are not adequately vaccinated. The ACIP also voted to expand routine and catch-up recommendations for males through age 26 who are not adequately vaccinated.
  • Merck presented Phase 2 trial results of V114, the company’s investigational 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, which demonstrated noninferiority to PCV 13 for all shared serotypes and an immune response for two additional disease-causing serotypes, 22F and 33F in healthy infants. Results were presented at the European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases (ESPID). V114 is currently in Phase 3 development.

HIV and Hospital Acute Care

  • Merck presented late-breaking data with islatravir (formerly MK-8591), the company’s investigational nucleoside reverse transcriptase translocation inhibitor (NRTTI) in development for the prevention and treatment of HIV-1 infection, at the recent 10th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2019), which included:

    • Phase 2b results demonstrating the combination of islatravir with doravirine maintained antiviral activity in treatment-naïve adults through 48 weeks. Based on these results, the company plans to initiate a Phase 3 program evaluating islatravir in combination with doravirine across diverse patient populations; and
    • Phase 1 results evaluating the pharmacokinetics and safety of a prototype subdermal drug-eluting implant for extended administration of islatravir in healthy volunteers for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).
  • Merck announced FDA approval of an expanded use for ZERBAXA (ceftolozane and tazobactam) for the treatment of adults with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) and separately announced the EMA adopted a positive opinion recommending ZERBAXA for HABP and VABP, which is now under consideration by the European Commission.
  • Merck announced FDA approval of RECARBRIO (imipenem, cilastatin, and relebactam) for the treatment of adults with complicated urinary tract and complicated intra-abdominal bacterial infections where limited or no alternative treatment options are available.

Business Development Highlights

  • Merck acquired Peloton Therapeutics (Peloton), a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of novel small molecule therapeutic candidates targeting hypoxia-inducible factor-2A (HIF-2a) for the treatment of patients with cancer and other non-oncology diseases, including a novel oral HIF-2a inhibitor in late-stage development for RCC. The acquisition closed in July.
  • Merck acquired Tilos Therapeutics, gaining a portfolio of investigational antibodies targeting TGFβ for the potential application in the treatment of cancer, fibrosis and autoimmune diseases. The acquisition closed in June.
  • Merck acquired Immune Design, providing potential next-generation in vivo approaches to enable the body’s immune system to fight disease. The acquisition closed in April.

Second-Quarter Revenue Performance

The following table reflects sales of the company’s top pharmaceutical products, as well as sales of animal health products.

$ in millions

Second Quarter

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Change

Change Ex-

Exchange

Total Sales

$11,760

$10,465

12%

15%

Pharmaceutical

10,460

9,282

13%

17%

KEYTRUDA

2,634

1,667

58%

63%

JANUVIA / JANUMET

1,441

1,535

-6%

-3%

GARDASIL / GARDASIL 9

886

608

46%

50%

PROQUAD, M-M-R II and

VARIVAX

 

675

 

426

 

58%

 

61%

BRIDION

278

240

16%

20%

ISENTRESS / ISENTRESS HD

247

305

-19%

-13%

NUVARING

240

236

2%

3%

ZETIA / VYTORIN

232

381

-39%

-36%

SIMPONI

214

233

-8%

-1%

ROTATEQ

172

156

10%

13%

Animal Health

1,124

1,090

3%

9%

Livestock

671

633

6%

13%

Companion Animals

453

457

-1%

4%

Other Revenues

176

93

88%

-62%

Pharmaceutical Revenue

Second-quarter pharmaceutical sales were $10.5 billion, an increase of 13% compared with the second quarter of 2018; excluding the unfavorable effect of foreign exchange, sales grew 17% in the second quarter. The increase was driven primarily by growth in oncology and vaccines, partially offset by the ongoing impacts of the loss of market exclusivity for several products. International pharmaceutical sales represented 55% of total sales in the quarter. Performance in international markets was led by China, which had pharmaceutical sales of $745 million representing growth of 41% compared with the second quarter of 2018, driven by oncology and vaccines. Excluding the unfavorable effect of foreign exchange, pharmaceutical sales in China grew by 51%.

Growth in oncology was largely driven by a nearly $1 billion increase in sales for KEYTRUDA to $2.6 billion, reflecting strong momentum from the NSCLC indications as well as continued uptake in other indications, including the recently launched RCC and adjuvant melanoma indications, along with growth from Lynparza and Lenvima.

Growth in vaccines reflects higher sales of GARDASIL [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] and GARDASIL 9, vaccines to prevent certain cancers and other diseases caused by HPV, primarily due to public sector buying patterns, demand and pricing in the United States, and the ongoing commercial launch in China. Higher demand in Europe, driven primarily by increased vaccination rates for both boys and girls, also contributed to sales growth.

Growth in pediatric vaccines was driven by M-M-R II (Measles, Mumps and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live), a vaccine to help prevent measles, mumps and rubella; VARIVAX (Varicella Virus Vaccine Live), a vaccine to help prevent chickenpox; and PROQUAD (Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella Virus Vaccine Live), a combination vaccine to help protect against measles, mumps, rubella and varicella; reflecting higher demand, including private-sector buy-in, and pricing in the United States; government tenders in Latin America and higher demand in Europe.

Performance in hospital acute care reflects strong demand in the United States for BRIDION (sugammadex) Injection 100 mg/mL, a medicine for the reversal of neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium bromide or vecuronium bromide in adults undergoing surgery; and the ongoing launch of PREVYMIS (letermovir), a medicine for the prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and disease in adult CMV-seropositive recipients of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

Pharmaceutical sales growth for the quarter was partially offset by the ongoing impacts from the loss of market exclusivity for ZETIA (ezetimibe) and VYTORIN (ezetimibe/simvastatin), INVANZ (ertapenem sodium) and REMICADE (infliximab). In addition, the decline in sales of JANUVIA (sitagliptin) and JANUMET (sitagliptin and metformin HCI) reflects continued pricing pressure in the United States, which more than offset higher demand globally.

Animal Health Revenue

Animal Health sales totaled $1.1 billion for the second quarter of 2019, an increase of 3% compared with the second quarter of 2018. Excluding the unfavorable effect from foreign exchange, Animal Health sales grew 9%. Growth in the second quarter was primarily driven by livestock, predominantly due to products acquired in the Antelliq acquisition. Companion animal sales performance reflects volume growth in vaccine and insulin products, partially offset by the timing of customer purchases in the prior year for the BRAVECTO (fluralaner) line of products for parasitic control.

Animal Health segment profits were $405 million in the second quarter of 2019, a decrease of 10% compared with $450 million in the second quarter of 2018, primarily reflecting the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange.3

Second-Quarter Expense, EPS and Related Information

The tables below present selected expense information.

$ in millions

 

Second-Quarter 2019

 

 

GAAP

Acquisition- and

Divestiture-

Related Costs
4

 

Restructuring

Costs

 

Certain Other

Items

 

 

Non-GAAP2

Cost of sales

$3,401

$447

$65

$–

$2,889

Selling, general and administrative

2,712

61

32

2,619

Research and development

2,189

4

3

2,182

Restructuring costs

59

­­–

59

Other (income) expense, net

140

148

48

(56)

 

Second-Quarter 2018

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

$3,417

$733

$3

$–

$2,681

Selling, general and administrative

2,508

16

1

2,491

Research and development

2,274

1

3

344

1,926

Restructuring costs

228

228

Other (income) expense, net

(48)

105

(32)

(121)

GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

Gross margin was 71.1% for the second quarter of 2019 compared to 67.3% for the second quarter of 2018. The increase in gross margin for the second quarter of 2019 was primarily driven by lower acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, favorable product mix and lower amortization of intangible assets related to collaborations, partially offset by higher restructuring costs.

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $2.7 billion in the second quarter of 2019, an 8% increase compared to the second quarter of 2018. The increase primarily reflects higher administrative, acquisition- and divestiture-related, restructuring and promotion costs, partially offset by the favorable effects of foreign exchange.

Research and development (R&D) expenses were $2.2 billion in the second quarter of 2019, a decline of 4% compared with the second quarter of 2018. The decline was driven primarily by lower expenses related to business development transactions, largely reflecting a $344 million charge recorded in the second quarter of 2018 related to the Viralytics Limited acquisition. The decline was partially offset by higher expenses related to clinical development and increased investment in discovery research and early drug development.

Other (income) expense, net, was $140 million of expense in the second quarter of 2019 compared to $48 million of income in the second quarter of 2018. Other (income) expense, net, in the second quarter of 2019 reflects impairment charges and lower income from investments in equity securities.

GAAP EPS was $1.03 for the second quarter of 2019 compared with $0.63 for the second quarter of 2018.

Non-GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

The non-GAAP gross margin was 75.4% for the second quarter of 2019, compared to 74.4% for the second quarter of 2018. The increase in non-GAAP gross margin reflects favorable product mix and lower amortization of intangible assets related to collaborations.

Non-GAAP selling, general and administrative expenses were $2.6 billion in the second quarter of 2019, a 5% increase compared to the second quarter of 2018. The increase reflects higher administrative and promotion costs, partially offset by the favorable effects of foreign exchange.

Non-GAAP R&D expenses were $2.2 billion in the second quarter of 2019, a 13% increase compared to the second quarter of 2018. The increase reflects higher expenses related to clinical development, investment in discovery research and early drug development, as well as business development transactions.

Non-GAAP other (income) expense, net, was $56 million of income in the second quarter of 2019 compared to $121 million of income in the second quarter of 2018, driven primarily by lower income from investments in equity securities.

Non-GAAP EPS was $1.30 for the second quarter of 2019 compared with $1.06 for the second quarter of 2018.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP net income and EPS is provided in the table that follows.

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

Second Quarter

2019

 

 

 

2018

EPS

 

 

GAAP EPS

$1.03

$0.63

Difference5

0.27

0.43

Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below2

$1.30

$1.06

 

 

 

Net Income

 

 

GAAP net income1

$2,670

$1,707

Difference

686

1,147

Non-GAAP net income that excludes items listed below1,2

$3,356

$2,854

 

 

 

Decrease (Increase) in Net Income Due to Excluded Items:

 

 

Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs4

$660

$855

Restructuring costs

159

235

Charge for the acquisition of Viralytics

344

Other

48

(32)

Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes

867

1,402

Estimated income tax (benefit) expense

(145)

(255)

Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs attributable to noncontrolling interests

(36)

Decrease (increase) in net income

$686

$1,147

Financial Outlook

Merck narrowed and raised its full-year 2019 revenue range to be between $45.2 billion and $46.2 billion, including a negative impact from foreign exchange of slightly more than 1% at mid-July exchange rates.

Merck narrowed and reduced its full-year 2019 GAAP EPS range to be between $3.78 and $3.88. The reduction in the GAAP EPS range primarily reflects the inclusion of an approximately $1.1 billion charge related to the acquisition of Peloton. Merck narrowed and raised its full-year 2019 non-GAAP EPS range to be between $4.84 and $4.94, including a slightly negative impact from foreign exchange at mid-July exchange rates. The non-GAAP range excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, costs related to restructuring programs, a net benefit from the settlement of certain federal income tax matters, the charge for the acquisition of Peloton and certain other items.

The following table summarizes the company’s full year 2019 financial guidance.

GAAP

Non-GAAP2

 

 

 

Revenue

$45.2 to $46.2 billion

$45.2 to $46.2 billion*

Operating expenses

Higher than 2018 by a low-single digit rate

Higher than 2018 by a mid-single digit rate

Effective tax rate

16.0% to 17.0%

18.5% to 19.5%

EPS**

$3.78 to $3.88

$4.84 to $4.94

*The company does not have any non-GAAP adjustments to revenue.

**EPS guidance for 2019 assumes a share count (assuming dilution) of approximately 2.6 billion shares.

A reconciliation of anticipated 2019 GAAP EPS to non-GAAP EPS and the items excluded from non-GAAP EPS are provided in the table below.

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

Full-Year 2019

 

 

GAAP EPS

$3.78 to $3.88

Difference5

1.06

Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below2

$4.84 to $4.94

 

 

Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs4

$2,100

Restructuring costs

500

Charge for the acquisition of Peloton

1,100

Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes

3,700

Income tax (benefit) expense6

(950)

Decrease (increase) in net income

$2,750

The expected full-year GAAP effective tax rate of 16.0% to 17.0% reflects a net favorable impact of approximately 2.5 percentage points from the above items.

Earnings Conference Call

Investors, journalists and the general public may access a live audio webcast of the call today at 8:00 a.m. EDT on Merck’s website at http://investors.merck.com/events-and-presentations/default.aspx. Institutional investors and analysts can participate in the call by dialing (706) 758-9927 or (877) 381-5782 and using ID code number 4263838. Members of the media are invited to monitor the call by dialing (706) 758-9928 or (800) 399-7917 and using ID code number 4263838. Journalists who wish to ask questions are requested to contact a member of Merck’s Media Relations team at the conclusion of the call.

About Merck

For more than a century, Merck, a leading global biopharmaceutical company known as MSD outside of the United States and Canada, has been inventing for life, bringing forward medicines and vaccines for many of the world’s most challenging diseases. Through our prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies and animal health products, we work with customers and operate in more than 140 countries to deliver innovative health solutions. We also demonstrate our commitment to increasing access to health care through far-reaching policies, programs and partnerships. Today, Merck continues to be at the forefront of research to advance the prevention and treatment of diseases that threaten people and communities around the world – including cancer, cardio-metabolic diseases, emerging animal diseases, Alzheimer’s disease and infectious diseases including HIV and Ebola. For more information, visit www.merck.com and connect with us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube and LinkedIn.

Forward-Looking Statement of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA

This news release of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA (the “company”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the company’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. There can be no guarantees with respect to pipeline products that the products will receive the necessary regulatory approvals or that they will prove to be commercially successful.

Contacts

Media:

Jessica Fine

(908) 740-1707

Pamela Eisele

(267) 305-3558

Investors:

Teri Loxam

(908) 740-1986

Michael DeCarbo

(908) 740-1807

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